ETHIOPIAN GIRLS BECOME PART OF SOCIETY MOVE TO WORK IS A PROJECT AIMED AT ILLITERATE GIRLS FROM NOMADIC TRIBES IN ETHIOPIA. THE GOAL IS FOR SIX THOUSAND OF THESE YOUNG WOMEN TO BECOME SELF-SUFFICIENT IN FOUR YEARS.
The project focuses on the areas of Asaita, Arsi Negele and Moyale. A large part of the population here lives a nomadic life. The various tribes are constantly traveling, together with their cattle. This makes it harder to reach young people with normal education.
Girls are in an extremely vulnerable position. Parents receive a dowry when they give their daughters away into marriage. It is not unusual for girls to marry around the age of fifteen and then to start having children quickly. In the Ethiopian rural culture, women are considered inferior. Parents will sometimes send their sons to the city for education or for work. The daughters are by definition responsible for the household and the cattle. Move to work brings education to the girls.
The project workers use the experience Edukans has with ‘mobile education’. They organize the target audience into so-called self-help groups. This is a tried and tested way of saving together, running businesses and sharing knowledge. Through these groups the girls acquire skills they can normally only get in vocational trainings in the big city. They also learn how they can develop multiple sources of income. For example producing dairy products and weaving baskets.
MORE AND MORE PEOPLE
The need for development is great for the population of the Ethiopian lowlands. Partly due to climate change, there is often drought and therefore not enough food. A large population growth (2.5% per year) means more and more people have to share the land.